An overview on the different symptoms and ways to prevent Type 2 diabetes
Also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way sugar is metabolized by the body. When one has Type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels are uncontrolled. The body either rejects the effects of insulin (a hormone regulating sugar levels) or does not produce enough insulin to maintain normal sugar levels. Although more common in adults, Type 2 diabetes can also happen to children who are obese. There is no specific cure for diabetes but this medical condition can be managed by exercising, eating right and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercises were not enough, you would need insulin therapy or diabetes medication.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms
Type 2 diabetes symptoms often develop slowly. In fact, you can have Type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. The various Type 2 diabetes symptoms are as follows.
- Increased thirst and frequent urination
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores or frequent infections
- Areas of darkened skin
Prevention of Type 2 diabetes
The onset of diabetes can be prevented by adopting healthy lifestyle choices even if you have a family history of Type 2 diabetes. Listed below are 3 steps that are preliminaries to a healthy lifestyle, which in turn help in diabetes prevention.
- Eat healthy foods
- Choose foods low in fat and high on fibers. Include more fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet.
- Include exercises
Aim for a moderate 30 minute physical workout in a day. Take a brisk 15-20 minute walk daily, ride a bike, swim laps or do anything that would burn calories. If you cannot do a long workout at a stretch, do at least a 10 minute workout throughout the day.
- Lose those extra pounds
If you are overweight, losing just 7% of your body weight can reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes. By focusing on permanent changes to your exercising and eating habits, your weight can stay in a healthy range. Motivate yourself by reflecting on the benefits of a healthy weight.
Treatment of Type 2 diabetes
Before starting any sort of medication, management of Type 2 diabetes is essential and which includes:
- Healthy eating
- Regular exercise
- Blood sugar monitoring
- Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy
These steps will help keep your blood sugar level closer to normal, which can delay or prevent complications.
Medication can be considered as an option when everything else fails. Metformin, an oral diabetes medication can reduce the risks of Type 2 diabetes by lowering glucose production in the liver. However, this drug would not lower blood sugar levels on its own and healthy lifestyle choices would still remain essential.
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